Queensway
101 Queensway W Suite 140 Mississauga ON L5B 2P7 (905) 848-2020
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Mississauga, Ontario
1.905.848.2020

Eye Disease Diagnosis & Management

The key to healthy eyes lies in annual eye exams. During your exam, your optometrist will assess your prescription and look for signs of eye disease. Most eye diseases show little or no symptoms until vision loss has already begun to occur, so it is essential that you get your eye health checked regularly.

As we age, our likelihood of developing eye problems such as cataracts, glaucoma, and macular degeneration increases.

Cataracts

Just as a paper yellows over time, so do the lenses in our eyes. Age and sun exposure cause cataracts, and as they progress our vision becomes blurry, colours lose their brightness, and the world appears dimmer.

Though we will all eventually develop cataracts as we age, some factors increase the likelihood of developing cataracts at a younger age. These risk factors include:

  • Diabetes
  • Smoking
  • Obesity
  • Undergoing eye surgery
  • Sustaining an eye injury
  • Prolonged UV exposure
  • High blood pressure
  • Genetic factors

By making a few simple lifestyle changes, you can reduce your likelihood of developing cataracts at a young age. Wearing UV protective sunglasses, not smoking, and eating a balanced and nutritious diet may help to hold off cataract development.

Glaucoma

Glaucoma occurs when excess fluid (called aqueous humour) builds up in your eye, increasing the internal pressure of your eye and potentially damaging your optic nerve, resulting in tunnel vision. If glaucoma is not diagnosed and treated, it will continue to reduce your field of vision until you become blind. There are several different types of glaucoma including: open-angle glaucoma, normal tension glaucoma, and acute angle-closure glaucoma.

Open-angle Glaucoma

Open-angle glaucoma is the most common type of glaucoma. It occurs when the aqueous humour is unable to drain properly because of a blockage in the angle between the iris and the cornea. There are treatments available to prevent or halt optic nerve damage and sight loss, but early intervention is key.

Normal tension glaucoma occurs when the eye’s drainage system is fully functional and the pressure in the eye is normal, but the optic nerve still becomes damaged. Though there are treatments available to mitigate or prevent optic nerve damage and vision loss, early intervention is vital.

Acute angle-closure glaucoma is rare and occurs when the angle between the iris and the cornea is too shallow. If the iris is pushed too far forward, the gap between the iris and the cornea becomes too narrow, preventing the aqueous humour from draining. This type of glaucoma typically occurs without warning, and symptoms can include:

  • Sudden blurring of vision
  • Eye pain
  • Intense headache
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting

Acute angle-closure glaucoma is incredibly serious ocular emergency. If you experience the symptoms listed, you should seek medical attention immediately. Call our office at (905) 848-2020 to request an emergency appointment or proceed to the nearest emergency room.

There is currently no cure for glaucoma, and no way to reverse the damage to the optic nerve that has already been done. However, glaucoma can be managed using eye drops, laser trabeculoplasty, and surgery to slow or halt progression.

During your comprehensive eye exam the experts at Queensway Optometric Centre will use a variety of tests to look for signs of glaucoma, including tonometry, the assessment of the intraocular pressure (or fluid pressure) inside your eye.

Macular degeneration is the leading cause of blindness in Canada and is a condition that affects the macula, the portion of your retina that contributes to your central vision. Macular degeneration occurs when small deposits (called drusen) form in the macula or the blood vessels in the macula start to deteriorate due to age.

There is currently no cure for macular degeneration. Depending on how advanced the disease is, there are a variety of lifestyle changes and treatment options that can slow the progression of the disease. One way to reduce your likelihood of losing vision as a result of macular degeneration is to schedule regular eye exams. Early detection of macular degeneration is critical, since by the time you begin to experience symptoms, you may already be at risk for permanent vision loss.

Though there is currently no way to treat dry macular degeneration, your optometrist may recommend you make some lifestyle changes to help slow its progression. Doing things such as quitting smoking, losing weight, or eating more of certain foods to ensure you get specific nutrients can help slow the progression of dry macular degeneration.

Your optometrist may also recommend you begin taking certain vitamins. Recent studies have shown that several vitamins and minerals can help delay the progression of macular degeneration. These include:

  • Omega 3 Fatty Acids
  • Vitamin C
  • Vitamin A
  • Copper
  • Lutein
  • Zeaxanthin

However, individuals that do smoke or have smoked in the past should avoid Beta-Carotene as it can increase your likelihood of developing lung cancer.

Macular degeneration is the leading cause of blindness in Canada and is a condition that affects the macula, the portion of your retina that contributes to your central vision. Macular degeneration occurs when small deposits (called drusen) form in the macula or the blood vessels in the macula start to deteriorate due to age.

There is currently no cure for macular degeneration. Depending on how advanced the disease is, there are a variety of lifestyle changes and treatment options that can slow the progression of the disease. One way to reduce your likelihood of losing vision as a result of macular degeneration is to schedule regular eye exams. Early detection of macular degeneration is critical, since by the time you begin to experience symptoms, you may already be at risk for permanent vision loss.

Wet Macular Degeneration, also called neovascular macular degeneration, occurs when abnormal blood vessels start to grow beneath your macula. There are several treatments available for wet macular degeneration. These treatments include:

  • Laser surgery to target and destroy irregular blood vessels
  • Eye injections to inhibit new irregular blood vessel growth

These treatments are often able to prevent further vision loss from occurring.

Finding Us
Is Easy

Our practice is conveniently located across the street from the Trillium Health Partners Mississauga Hospital.

Queensway
Optometric Centre

101 Queensway West, Suite 140
Mississauga, Ontario, L5B 2P7

Contact Information

Phone: 1.905.848.2020
Email: [email protected]

Business Hours

Monday:8:00 AM - 6:30 PM
Tuesday:8:00 AM - 5:30 PM
Wednesday:8:00 AM - 5:00 PM
Thursday:8:00 AM - 6:30 PM
Friday:8:00 AM - 3:30 PM
Sunday:Closed

Open Select Saturdays Only
9:00 AM - 1:00 PM

Next Saturday Opening(s)

  • November 24
  • December 8
  • December 22
  • January 5, 2019

EXPERIENCING AN EYE EMERGENCY? CALL NOW!

Sometimes you need to see the optometrist right away. If you have an ocular emergency, call our office at (905) 848-2020. We can see patients for emergency appointments on short notice, so please don’t wait!